What is Engineering?

Engineering is a stream of education which involves the application of Science, Technology and Mathematics to innovate, design, develop and maintain machines, structures, software, hardware and systems & processes. This field offers a range of career opportunities across all industries, making it one of the most sought after course pursued by students after Class XII, especially those from the Science stream.

Students planning to study Engineering in India can choose from nearly 100 specialisations, with Computer Science Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering being some of the most popular ones.

According to a 2018-19 report of the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) powered by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), Engineering is the third major stream with 37.70 lakh students enrolled at the undergraduate level. The share of male student enrolled in Engineering and Technology is 71.1 per cent where female enrolment is 28.9 per cent.

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and some private technical institutes such as Birla Institute of Science & Technology (BITS) Pilani are some of the best institutes to pursue engineering from. According to Shiksha, there are more than 3,500 colleges offering engineering courses in India.

Eligibility for Engineering Courses





Candidates must have passed Class XII exam from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects

They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60 per cent in the above subjects combined

BTech Lateral Entry

Candidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with minimum 45 per cent aggregate marks or equivalent


Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for ME/MTech degree course


Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 35 per cent in Science and Maths subjects


Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55 per cent marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches

Engineering Entrance Exams

Most of the engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national level exams, and some conduct their own entrance exam. Here are some of the popular engineering exams in India at the UG and PG level.



JEE Main

GATE is one of the most popular postgraduate engineering entrance exam for admissions to MTech programmes in India

JEE Advanced





Engineering Branches

Mechanical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering are the top five engineering streams according to MHRD’s AISHE report. Besides these, there are numerous other engineering specializations/branches that candidates can choose from. Given below are some:

Aeronautical Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Marine Engineering

Automobile Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering

Mechatronics Engineering

Biotechnology Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Ceramic Engineering

Mining Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Petroleum Engineering

Civil Engineering

Power Engineering

Communications Engineering

Production Engineering

Computer Science Engineering

Robotics Engineering

Construction Engineering

Structural Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Telecommunication Engineering

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Textile Engineering

Electronics Engineering

Tool Engineering

Environmental Engineering

Transportation Engineering

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